Foreclosure Trial Witness Exposes Alleged Mortgage Fraud and Dual Tracking Abuses, Case Ends with Hung Jury
On August 6, 2014, I travelled to Decatur, GA to testify for the defense in the trial of Mark Anthony Harris, Timothy Franzen, Mariam Asad and Daniel Hanley. Mark Harris was a disabled Gulf War veteran who was evicted from his home in 2012, after losing his home to foreclosure. Franzen, Asad and Harris were members of Occupy Our Homes Atlanta who tried to help Mark Harris stay in his home with a mortgage modification. The defendants were charged with resisting arrest and obstruction of justice and faced up to two years in prison.
When the prosecution rested its case, I took the witness stand on behalf of the defendants, was sworn in and began reciting my credentials. I did not get very far. Right after I told the jury that I had helped the Justice Department recover $95 million for HUD from four major banks, the prosecutor jumped up flailing and yelling, “Whoa, whoa, whoa whoa.” Judge Dax Lopez sent the jury from the courtroom, sent me to a witness room, as the lawyers argued about whether I would be allowed to testify.
I wasn’t there on the day of the eviction, but the prosecution was allowed to bring in testimony and evidence regarding the mortgage default by Mark Harris, so it seemed like I could offer some reasonable rebuttable evidence as to whether the foreclosure was questionable (or downright illegal) and that I could corroborate the testimony of the defendants that they reasonably thought Mark Harris had a legal right to remain in his home.
Years earlier, I had written a letter to Mark Harris and Occupy Atlanta with my opinion that the loan documents used in his case were fraudulent. The defendants had all read that letter.
I was not allowed to testify. This is what I would have told the jury.
Mr. Harris had the legal right to stay in his home the day the sheriff evicted him and threw his furniture, clothing, service medals and flag out on his front lawn. At that time, Fannie Mae claimed to own Mark Harris’s home. Fannie had sent Mr. Harris a letter assuring him that they wanted to keep him in his home and offering him the right to stay on as a tenant. Mr. Harris accepted that offer and sent Fannie his first rental check for $2,600. Fannie cashed the check. But a few days later, Mark Harris was evicted and arrested as were defendants Franzen, Asad and Hanley who stayed on the property trying to explain that an agreement had been reached and that Mr. Harris was now renting from Fannie and had all the rights of other tenants. I would have stated that in my opinion Mr. Harris had the right to stay in his home as he had reached an agreement with Fannie and was a tenant at will and had the due process rights of a tenant at will.
I would have also told the jury that from my review of the documents, this mortgage had been repeatedly transferred:
- From Team One Mortgage to National City Real Estate;
- From National City Real Estate to National City Mortgage Company;
- From National City Mortgage Company to National City, Inc.;
- From National City, Inc. to National City Bank;
- From National City Bank to PNC Bank;
- From PNC Bank to Green Tree Servicing;
- From Green Tree Servicing to Fannie Mae.
In my experience after reviewing over 10,000 foreclosures, original loan documents are most likely to be lost when the loan is repeatedly transferred as in the Harris case.
I reviewed 4 mortgage assignments and a Lost Assignment Affidavit. There were missing documents. There was no assignment to PNC Bank, so the subsequent assignment from PNC to Green Tree was invalid as it had not been established that PNC owned the note and mortgage. There was a break in the chain of title.
And this break also occurred at the beginning of the chain – because there was no assignment from Team One, the original lender, to National City Real Estate, the next entity that claimed to own the note and mortgage. How could National City Real Estate make a valid transfer if the loan had never been validly transferred to National City Real Estate?
I would have also tried to explain dual tracking to the jury. I would have said that dual tracking was a process used by mortgage servicing companies, like Green Tree, that had been found to lead to massive abuses and unfair practices. In dual tracking, representatives from one division of a servicer would work with a homeowner on a modification, while representatives from another division were pushing forward with a foreclosure as if no modification was being pursued.
Because of dual tracking, Mr. Harris and his supporters believed that they were on the verge of a modification. At one point in the negotiations, they were about $100 apart.
As for the assignments from PNC and the Lost Note Affidavit, they were signed by Bryan Bly who identified himself as an officer of PNC Bank. I would have testified that I was very familiar with Bryan Bly, and that he was not an officer of PNC Bank and never had been such an officer. Bly was a well-known document signer – whose job was to sign his name on mortgage documents, sometimes thousands of times each day. Bly worked for Nationwide Title Clearing, not PNC Bank. Bly had repeatedly testified that he did not read or understand the documents he signed. He had no idea of whether the information in the documents was accurate and true. Bly had signed as an officer of over a dozen different banks and mortgage companies. The company that employed Bly had been sued by the Illinois Attorney General for unfair and deceptive practices.
As for Green Tree, I could have let the jury know that Green Tree failed servicing compliance tests as recently as May, 2014. While other servicers were managing to comply, Green Tree was still failing its obligations under the National Mortgage Settlement. (Green Tree was not part of the settlement, but had bought some servicing rights that brought it under the jurisdiction of the Office of Mortgage Settlement Oversight.)
In Georgia, as in many other states, the foreclosure judge should have focused on the note and whether it was properly endorsed. But the fact that 4 different assignments had been created (badly) as well as a lost assignment affidavit would indicate to me that there was not an original, properly endorsed note. Why go through the trouble of using a document company to prepare all these assignments if you had the properly endorsed original note in your control?
In my experience, the acts of the bank, servicer and Fannie were illegal and abusive and this was especially shameful in the case of Gulf War veteran Mark Harris who was working so hard to modify his mortgage and remain in his home. This case ended with a hung jury.
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